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CSS - Margine

The CSS margin properties define the space around elements.


The margin clears an area around an element (outside the border). The margin does not have a background color, and is completely transparent.

The top, right, bottom, and left margin can be changed independently using separate properties. A shorthand margin property can also be used, to change all margins at once.

Possible Values

Value Description
auto The browser calculates a margin
length Specifies a margin in px, pt, cm, etc. Default value is 0px
% Specifies a margin in percent of the width of the containing element
inherit Specifies that the margin should be inherited from the parent element

Margin - Individual sides

In CSS, it is possible to specify different margins for different sides:



Margin - Shorthand property

To shorten the code, it is possible to specify all the margin properties in one property. This is called a shorthand property.

The shorthand property for all the margin properties is "margin":


margin:100px 50px;

The margin property can have from one to four values.

  • margin:25px 50px 75px 100px;
    • top margin is 25px
    • right margin is 50px
    • bottom margin is 75px
    • left margin is 100px

  • margin:25px 50px 75px;
    • top margin is 25px
    • right and left margins are 50px
    • bottom margin is 75px

  • margin:25px 50px;
    • top and bottom margins are 25px
    • right and left margins are 50px

  • margin:25px;
    • all four margins are 25px