There may be a situation, when you need to execute a block of code several number of times. In general statements are executed sequentially: The first statement in a function is executed first, followed by the second, and so on.
Programming languages provide various control structures that allow for more complicated execution paths.
C++ programming language provides the following types of loop to handle looping requirements.
|Repeats a statement or group of statements while a given condition is true. It tests the condition before executing the loop body.|
|Execute a sequence of statements multiple times and abbreviates the code that manages the loop variable.|
|Like a while statement, except that it tests the condition at the end of the loop body|
|You can use one or more loop inside any another while, for or do..while loop.|
Loop Control Statements:
Loop control statements change execution from its normal sequence. When execution leaves a scope, all automatic objects that were created in that scope are destroyed.
C++ supports the following control statements.
|Terminates the loop or switch statement and transfers execution to the statement immediately following the loop or switch.|
|Causes the loop to skip the remainder of its body and immediately retest its condition prior to reiterating.|
|Transfers control to the labeled statement. Though it is not advised to use goto statement in your program.|
The Infinite Loop:
A loop becomes infinite loop if a condition never becomes false. The for loop is traditionally used for this purpose. Since none of the three expressions that form the for loop are required, you can make an endless loop by leaving the conditional expression empty.
using namespace std;
int main ()
for( ; ; )
printf("This loop will run forever.\n");
When the conditional expression is absent, it is assumed to be true. You may have an initialization and increment expression, but C++ programmers more commonly use the for(;;) construct to signify an infinite loop.